An investment banking company is a business that performs various intermediary functions for a financial set up like underwriting, mediating mergers or acquisitions and even take sup brokerage services for institutions. An investment banker is a person who carries out these processes and works for an investment company.
When some of the shares have to be underwritten or even debts have to be taken care of the investment banker steps in. they start by counseling based on the needs of a company. An investment banner usually has a lot of knowledge about financial procedures and also has tremendous experience to leverage upon. They know what processes suit a business exactly. For example, in the case of a merger, the company would first contact an investment banker who will study the various aspects of the merger and determine if it is going to be beneficial and what types of effect it will have on the stocks. The investment banking company will also take care of the reassigning of the shares of the merger. It is a long process and a tedious one.
Investment banking is a profitable business. They act on behalf of private and public companies. Also the investment banking industry plays a very important role in the market transactions because they are carrying them out for other companies. Several industries from various business arenas like banking, telecom, gasoline, real estate, medical and pharmaceuticals depend on investment bankers for various functions. Investment banking functions also deals with credit counseling, merchant banking and financial engineering.